Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis is a method used by traders to try and predict how markets will perform. Traders sometimes combine fundamental analysis with technical analysis to help them pinpoint when and how to make their investment decisions.

It is also important to remember that past performance is not always an indication of how a particular asset will fare in the future. Investors should, therefore, consider other factors before placing a trade.

The main fundamental elements investors look for are:

  • Interest rates
  • Trade balances
  • Monetary policy
  • Inflation
  • Gross domestic product (GDP)
  • Labor Market Information (LMI)

As this table demonstrates, each of these factors will generally have a particular effect on the markets.

Event Effect on the market
Rise in interest rates Markets appreciate
Decrease in interest rates Markets depreciate
Increase in trade surplus Markets appreciate
Decrease in trade surplus Markets depreciate
Increase in government spending Markets appreciate
Decrease in government spending Markets depreciate
Rise in inflation Markets appreciate
Decrease in inflation Markets depreciate


Fundamental analysis is generally not used as a tactical, short-term decision-making method. Technical analysis enables traders to gain a vision of the market and make the right move at the right time, while fundamental analysis should be applied strategically over longer periods.
Another point to remember is that the above events will only have the expected impact if everything else stays the same. For example, if government spending increases in response to a decrease in inflation, the outcome will be neutral.

Keep up to date

Economic calendars are an extremely useful way for traders to keep abreast of upcoming developments. JT-24 provides all clients with a free calendar to help you formulate your investment strategy.